All neighborhoods of weavers, potters, blacksmiths, woodcarvers and ganch (alabaster) existed in the cities. In some areas, exclusive patterned paper and silk fabrics were produced. They were mostly woven and paper carpets on simple looms. They are still popular in modern embroidery patterns that are still popular today. Today’s masters decorate, as hundreds of years ago, skullcaps, women’s dresses and household items such as wall embroidery – suzane, decorative onlays – ruijo and tablecloths – dastarkhan.

On the eve of the Arab invasion, the main religious groups were Zoroastrianism, Buddhism and Hinduism. However, Islam slowly supplanted other departures. Many mosques were built, among which the mausoleums of the XI-XII centuries are perfectly preserved to this day in Sayat, Mazar-i-Sharif, in the 15th century from Ura-Tyube in the monuments of the Gissar valley and a mosque. The religion of Tajiks is said to describe their desire for peace to understand science and literature. The Arab occupiers practically destroyed the language of the Tajiks. Nevertheless, it was stated that the real masterpieces of Tajik classics were reproduced: literature, songs and scientific books.

The culture of the Tajik people dates back to antiquity. Today, Tajiks have always retained most of the customs, which are still integrated into the modern lifestyle. If you are interested in history, Tajikistan has a lot to offer, with a history dating back to the 1st century BC. Perhaps the most interesting sightseeing experience is ancient Penjikent. Archaeologists have discovered residential and religious buildings, amazing monumental paintings, beautiful sculptures that date back to the 7th and 8th centuries AD. According to scientists, the architectural composition of this city has no equal coincidences among other cities in Asia. Tajiks were known as ceramic craftsmen. In cities and valleys, men made ceramic dishes on a potter’s wheel. In the mountainous areas, pottery wheels were not used – female molded cans by hand, on top of each other. Until now, some ancient types of craftsmanship have been preserved from generation to generation. Unique and colorful tins, cabinets and decorated dishes are used in the art salons of Dushanbe and are still a testament to this ancient craftsmanship.

DRESS CHAKAN is truly a Tajik women’s dress that has a thousand-year history.

Dress Chakan is basically a woman’s dress that is worn on holidays and in particular on the days of the Navruz holiday and is one of the most expensive clothes of Tajiks. It is worth noting that the one who dresses Dress Chakan means his greatness about the recognition of Tajik culture, ideality, femininity, sufficiency, intelligence and decency.

“Chakan – the art of embroidery in the Republic of Tajikistan” in 2018 was included in the UNESCO cultural heritage list.