About Tajikistan

Official name: Republic of Tajikistan

Location: Central Asia, in the west and north borders with the republics of Uzbekistan – 910 kilometers, Kyrgyzstan – 630 kilometers, in the south – with Afghanistan – 1030 kilometers, in the east with China – 430 kilometers. Total length of borders is 3,000 kilometers. Tajikistan is a typical mountainous country with absolute heights from 300 to 7,495 m, 93% of the territory of Tajikistan is occupied by mountains belonging to the highest mountain systems of Central Asia, Tien Shan and Pamir.

Language – Tajik
Currency – Somoni (1 U.S. Dollar = 11.3205 Somoni). (September 2021).
Telephone country code: +992
Time zone: UTC+5:00
Weight measures: Metric system
Tax period: Календарный

Natural resources: : aluminum, coal, oil, natural gas, iron, zinc, antimony, mercury, gold, silver, tin, tungsten, boron, table salt, carbonates, fluorite, precious and semi-precious stones, etc.

Tajikistan Holidays

  • January 1 – New Year
  • February 23 – Armed Forces Day of the Republic of Tajikistan
  • March 8 – Mother’s Day
  • March 21 – Nowruz
  • May 1 – International Day for solidarity and unity of the working class
  • May 9 – Victory Day in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945
  • June 27th – National Unity Day in Tajikistan
  • September 9 – Independence Day of the Republic of Tajikistan
  • October 5 – State Language Day of the Republic of Tajikistan
  • November 6 – Constitution Day of the Republic of Tajikistan
  • November 16 – President’s Day in Tajikistan
  • November 24 – Day of the State Flag of Tajikistan
  • Idi ramazon – 1 day annually (according to the calendar)
  • Idi Qurbon – 1 day annually (according to the calendar)

Climate – Due to its relief and location in the heart of Central Asia, the climate in Tajikistan is continental. However, some regions of the country are subtropical intracontinental. In the plains around Dushanbe and Khujand, the climate is more temperate: summers are hot and dry, and winters in Dushanbe have much precipitation; whereas in the north of the country, in Khujand, it snows less in winters. On the other hand, since 93% of the territory of the country is above 1000 meters, a polar climate dominates in the mountains over 3000 meters in winters. In January, average temperature in Tajikistan fluctuates between 0 degrees Celsius (32 degrees Fahrenheit) in the plains and -20 degrees Celsius (-4 degrees Fahrenheit) in the mountains. In July, the average temperature in the plains is 30 degrees Celsius, and 0 to 15 degrees Celsius in the mountains, depending on the altitude.

Political order

The Republic of Tajikistan is a sovereign, democratic, legal, unitary and multinational state. It independently implements external and internal policy and acknowledges the priority of generally accepted norms of international law. The Republic of Tajikistan is a fully legitimate subject of the world community.

According to the Constitution, the State governance of the Republic of Tajikistan has presidential form. The public authority in the Republic is based on the principle of its division into legislative, executive and court authorities. Each of these authorities within its power acts independently.

Legislative Authority

The highest representative and legislative body of the Republic of Tajikistan is Majlisi Oli: the Parliament of the Republic of Tajikistan. Majlisi Oli consists of two Majlises: Majlisi Milli and Majlisi Namoyandagon, and is elected for five years. Majlisi Namoyandagon is elected on the basis of universal, equal and direct right of suffrage in secret ballot. Majlisi Namoyandagon is acting on the constant and professional basis.

Executive Authorityecutive

The Government of the Republic of Tajikistan is a body of executive public power. The Government of the Republic of Tajikistan implements its activities on the basis of the Constitution of the Republic of Tajikistan, constitution law of the Republic of Tajikistan «On the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan», other laws, joint resolutions of Majlisi Milli and Majlisi Namoyandagon of Majliso Oli of the Republic of Tajikistan, decrees and instructions of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan, international legal acts acknowledged by the Republic of Tajikistan. The Chairman of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan is the President of the Republic of Tajikistan

Juridical Authority

The Juridical authority is implemented by Constitution Court, Supreme Court, Supreme Economic Court, Military Court as well as the courts of Gorno-Badahshan Autonomous Region as well as regions, city and district ones. The juridical authority is independent, it protects rights and liberties of human beings, interests of the state, organizations, agencies as well as legality and fairness. The organization and order of activities of the courts are defined under the Constitutional Law. The term of judge’s authorities is 10 years. All courts are also elected for 10 years. The Chairman, Deputy Chairmen and members of the Constitution Court, Supreme Court and Supreme Economic Court are selected by Majlisi Oli as advised by the President of the RT. All other courts are appointed by the President of the RT as advised by the Ministry of Justice. The judges are independent in their activities and are reported only to the Constitution and Law.

Tajikistan – is the ancient monuments and treasures of the Great Silk Road, the Roof of the World ” – Pamir, Karakul Lake and healing, mineral springs. Hot Dushanbe, climbing the peak of Ismoil Somoni and two hundred recipes for pilaf – all this is Tajikistan .

Tajikistan is the land of the highest peaks, powerful glaciers,  rapid stormy rivers, lakes of unique beauty, unique vegetation and rare animals.It is the mountainous, floor-by-story landscape that determines the originality and uniqueness of the nature of Tajikistan.In the republic, in an hour and a half of flight from the sultry heat of the Vakhsh valley, you can get into the arctic cold of the eternal snows of the Pamirs.

One of  the most ancient countries of the world, colorful, hot and mysterious Tajikistan, is rapidly becoming aware of an increasing flow of tourists.The reasons for this are obvious: there are a lot of ancient sights, monuments of the Zoroastrian civilization of Sogdiana, fabulous cities of the Great Silk Road,  varied and very tasty cuisine and cute bright national dresses and skullcaps.